The Nutrition Helpline

Home About Consultation Blog Let's Talk Login

15 Signs of Insulin Resistance and How to Reverse It: A Comprehensive Guide

Are you struggling with weight loss, feeling unusually thirsty, or dealing with erratic hunger pangs? These could be indicators of a common but often undiagnosed condition: insulin resistance. In this blog post, we'll delve into what insulin resistance is, its signs and symptoms, and most importantly, how you can reverse it to regain control over your health and well-being.

Understanding Insulin Resistance

Insulin is a vital hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels in our bodies. When we consume carbohydrates, they are broken down into glucose, causing blood sugar levels to rise. In response, the pancreas releases insulin, which helps transport the glucose to cells for energy or storage. However, in the case of insulin resistance, the body's cells become less responsive to insulin's actions. This leads to persistently high blood sugar levels and increased insulin secretion.

Signs and Symptoms of Insulin Resistance

1. Abdominal Fat: Carrying excess weight around the abdomen, especially in visceral fat, can be a sign of insulin resistance.
2. Swollen Ankles: Insulin's role in retaining water and sodium can lead to swollen ankles.
3. Hunger After Eating: Feeling hungry even after a meal can indicate improper blood sugar regulation.
4. Sugar Cravings: Insulin resistance can leave cells starving for glucose, triggering cravings for carbohydrates and sugar.
5. Dark Skin Patches: High insulin levels can cause the appearance of dark, dry skin patches in certain areas.
6. Frequent Urination: Elevated blood sugar levels force the kidneys to produce more urine to eliminate excess sugar.
7. Extreme Thirst: Increased urination can lead to heightened thirst.
8. Irregular Menstrual Cycle: Women may experience irregular periods due to hormonal imbalances linked to insulin resistance.
9. Elevated Blood Sugar: Monitoring blood sugar levels before and after meals can provide insights into insulin sensitivity.
10. Waist to Height Ratio: A high waist-to-height ratio indicates abdominal fat accumulation, which is often linked to insulin resistance.
11. Skin Tags: The appearance of skin tags, especially in skin folds, could be an indicator of insulin resistance.
12. High Triglycerides: Elevated triglyceride levels in the blood are associated with insulin resistance.
13. Low HDL: Insulin resistance can lead to low levels of HDL cholesterol, the "good" cholesterol.
14. Acne: Hormonal imbalances linked to insulin resistance might contribute to acne breakouts.
15. Excess Hair Growth: Unwanted hair growth, particularly in women, can be a manifestation of insulin resistance.

Root Causes of Insulin Resistance

Insulin resistance often stems from a cycle of overconsumption of high-insulin-response foods, leading to excessive insulin production. This overproduction eventually renders cells unresponsive to insulin's signals, perpetuating the issue. A critical aspect of addressing insulin resistance is to break this cycle.

Improving Insulin Sensitivity

1. Dietary Changes: Adopt a diet that limits high-carbohydrate foods and focuses on nutrient-dense, whole foods. A low-carb or ketogenic diet has shown promise in reversing insulin resistance.
2. Intermittent Fasting: Give your body a chance to lower insulin levels by practicing intermittent fasting and avoiding frequent snacking.
3. Sleep Quality: Prioritise sufficient and quality sleep, as poor sleep can contribute to insulin resistance.
4. Physical Activity: Muscle provides “space” for glucose to be stored, resulting in better blood sugar management.
5. Stress Management: Chronic stress triggers the body to release glucose for energy; consider 5 mins of meditation before reaching for a sugary pick me up.
6. Book a Free Consultation Seek advice for personalised guidance, especially if insulin resistance is confirmed by your blood test results.

Taking Action for Your Health

If you suspect insulin resistance or have been diagnosed with it, remember that you have the power to reverse its effects. By making conscious dietary choices, incorporating intermittent fasting, and prioritising restful sleep, you can improve your insulin sensitivity and overall well-being.

Final Thoughts

Insulin resistance affects a significant portion of the population and can have far-reaching consequences for health. However, it's not a life sentence. Recognising the signs and taking proactive steps to address insulin resistance through dietary changes, fasting, and improved sleep can pave the way to better health, weight management, and reduced disease risk. Remember, small changes can make a significant impact on your journey to health.


50% Complete

45% of people have undetected food intolerances, find out if you might be of them.